Color separation is the process by which original artwork is separated into individual color components for printing. The components are cyan, magenta, yellow and black, known as CMYK. By combining these colors, a wide spectrum of colors can be produced on the printed page. In this four color printing process, each color is applied to a printing plate. When the colors are combined on paper (they are actually printed as small dots), the human eye combines the colors to see the final image.
Desktop publishing combines personal computer and WYSIWYG page layout software to create publication documents on a computer for either large-scale publishing or small-scale local multifunction peripheral output and distribution. Desktop publishing methods provide more control over design, layout, and typography.
Various methods are used to create and combine words, symbols, and images to create a visual representation of ideas and messages. A graphic designer may use a combination of typography, visual arts and page layout techniques to produce a balanced, focused and symmetrical final result. Graphic design often refers to both the process (designing) by which the communication is created and the products (designs) which are generated.
COMPUTERIZED 3D ENGRAVING
3D Engraving is the best method to produce a cliché with a really high accuracy and precision of the design. This method uses a tool that engraves the plate precisely based on the specific design from the customer. This is why the process to engrave a plate could take hours to complete, especially when the design is really complex.
The first process of making etching plates is to apply UV sensitive film on the plate. Afterwards the plate should be place to a UV tanning booth. Then it is placed into acid bath. Finally, Clichés are supplied cut to size and punched at customer’s request. You also may add some color in the text for the plate. Materials used for etching include Tin and Nylo.